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Analogy, Similarity, Metaphor and Mental Models

 

 

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Analogy, Similarity, Metaphor and Mental Models

In Press

2013

Christie, S. & Gentner, D. (2013). Language helps children succeed on a classic analogy task. Cognitive Science. DOI:10.1111/cogs.12099

Gentner, D., Ozyurek, A., Gurcanli, O., & Goldin-Meadow, S. (2013). Spatial language facilitates spatial cognition: Evidence from children who lack language input. Cognition, 127(3), 318-330.

Gentner, D., & Smith, L. A. (2013). Analogical learning and reasoning. In D. Reisberg (Ed.), The Oxford handbook of Cognitive Psychology (pp. 668-681). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Jamrozik, A., & Gentner, D. (2013). Relational labels can improve relational retrieval. In M. Knauff, M. Pauen, N. Sebanz, & I. Wachsmuth (Eds.), Proceedings of the 35th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 651-656). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.

Jamrozik, A., Sagi, E., Goldwater, M., & Gentner, D. (2013). Relational words have high metaphoric potential. In E. Shutova, B. Beigman Klebanov, J. Tetreault, & Z. Kozareva (Eds.), Proceedings of the 2013 Meeting of the North American Association for Computational Linguistics: Human Language Technologies, First Workshop on Metaphor in NLP (pp. 21- 26). Atlanta, Georgia: Association for Computational Linguistics.

Jee, B., Uttal, D., Gentner, D., Manduca, C., Shipley, T., & Sageman, B. (2013). Finding faults: analogical comparison supports spatial concept learning in geoscience. Cognitive Processing, 14(2), 175-187.

Kurtz, K. J., Boukrina, O., & Gentner, D. (2013). Comparison promotes learning and transfer of relational categories. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 39(4), 1303-1310.

Kurtz, K. J., & Gentner, D. (2013). Detecting anomalous features in complex stimuli: The role of structured comparison. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 19(3), 219-232.

Özçaliskan, S., Gentner, D., & Goldin-Meadow, S. (2013). Do iconic gestures pave the way for children's early verbs? Applied Psycholinguistics. doi: 10.1017/S0142716412000720

Shipley, T. F., & Gentner, D. (2013). Introduction to the special issue on spatial learning and reasoning processes. Cognitive Processing, 14(2), 103-104.

2012

Christie, S. & Gentner, D. (2012). Language and cognition in development. In M. M. Spivey, K. McRae, & M. Joanisse (Eds.) The Cambridge Handbook of Psycholinguistics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp 653-673.

Feist, M. I., & Gentner, D. (2012). Multiple influences on the use of English spatial  prepositions: The case of 'in'ť and 'on'. In C. Boonthum-Denecke, P. M. McCarthy, & T. A. Lamkin (Eds.) Cross-disciplinary advances in applied natural language processing: Issues and approaches. Hershey, PA: IGI Global. 305-323.

Gentner, D. & Smith, L. (2012). Analogical reasoning. In V. S. Ramachandran (Ed.) Encyclopedia of Human Behavior (2nd Ed.). pp. 130-136. Oxford, UK: Elsevier.

Rottman, B. M., Gentner, D. & Goldwater, M. B. (2012). Causal systems categories: Differences in novice and expert categorization of causal phenomena. Cognitive Science.

Sagi, E., Gentner, D., & Lovett, A. (2012). What difference reveals about similarity. Cognitive Science, 36(6), 1019-1050.

2011

Gentner, D. (2011). Metaphors for mind. In T. Luhrman (Ed.) Toward an anthropological theory of mind. Suomen Antropologi: Journal of the Finnish Anthropological Society, 36(4), 48-49.

Gentner, D., Anggoro, F. K., & Klibanoff, R. S. (2011). Structure-mapping and relational language support children's learning of relational categories. Child Development, 82(4). 1173-1188.

Gentner, D., & Forbus, K. (2011). Computational models of analogy. WIREs Cognitive Science, 2. 266-276.

Gentner, D. & Simms, N. (2011). Language and analogy in conceptual change. In Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 34(3). 128-129.

Jamrozik, A., & Gentner, D. (2011). Prepositions in and on retain aspects of spatial meaning in abstract contexts. Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 1589-1594). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.

Wolff, P., & Gentner, D. (2011). Structure-mapping in metaphor comprehension. Cognitive Science, 35. 1456-1488.

2010

Christie, S. & Gentner, D. (2010). Where hypotheses come from: Learning new relations by structural alignment. Journal of Cognition and Development, 11 (3). 356-373. (Note: This paper was selected for the Journal of Cognition and Development's Editor's Choice Award for 2010)

Gentner, D. (2010). Bootstrapping the mind: Analogical processes and symbol systems. Cognitive Science, 34 (5). 752-775.

Gentner, D. (2010). Psychology in Cognitive Science: 1978 to 2038. Topics in Cognitive Science, 2. 328-344.

Gentner, D. & Christie, S. (2010). Mutual bootstrapping between language and analogical processing. Language and Cognition, 2(2). 261-283.

Gentner, D. & Jee, B. (2010). De l'alchimie aux sciences moderns: Du don usage de la pensées analogique. Sciences Humaines, 215, 40-43.

Gentner, D., & Colhoun, J. (2010). Analogical processes in human thinking and learning. In B. Glatzeder, V. Goel, & A. von MĂĽller (Vol. Eds.), On Thinking: Vol. 2. Towards a Theory of Thinking, pp 35-48. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.

Graham, S., A., Namy, L. L., Gentner, D., & Meagher, K. (2010) The role of comparison in preschoolers' novel object categorization. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 107. 280-290.

Jee, B. D., Uttal, D. H., Gentner, D., Manduca, C., Shipley, T., Sageman, B., Ormand, C. J., & Tikoff, B. (2010). Analogical thinking in geoscience education. Journal of Geoscience Education, 58 (1), 2-13.

Smith, L.A. & Gentner, D. (2010). Structural constraints and real-world plausibility in analogical inference. In S. Ohlsson & R. Catrambone (Eds.), Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 712-717). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.

Smith, L.A. & Gentner, D. (2010). The use of qualitative principles to promote understanding of systems. In J. de Kleer & K. Forbus (Eds.) Proceedings of the 24th International Workshop on Qualitative Reasoning, pp. 72-76. Portland, OR.

2009

Colhoun, J., & Gentner, D. (2009). Inference processes in causal analogies. In B. Kokinov, K. Holyoak & D. Gentner (Eds.) Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Analogy. NBU Press, Sofia, Bulgaria.

Dehghani, M., Gentner, D., Forbus, K., Ekhtiari, H., & Sachdeva, S., (2009) Analogy and moral decision making. In B. Kokinov, K. Holyoak & D. Gentner (Eds.) Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Analogy. NBU Press, Sofia, Bulgaria.

Dehghani, M., Sachdeva, S., Ekhtiari, H., Gentner, D., & Forbus, K. (2009). The role of cultural narratives in moral decision making. In N.A. Taatgen & H. van Rijn (Eds.), Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society.

Gelman, S., Raman, L., & Gentner, D. (2009). Effects of language and similarity on comparison processing. Language Learning and Development, 5, 147-171.

Gentner, D., & Boroditsky, L. (2009). Early acquisition of nouns and verbs: Evidence from Navajo. In V. Gathercole (Ed.) Routes to Language: Studies in honor of Melissa Bowerman, 5-36. Taylor & Francis, New York, NY.

Gentner, D., Levine, S., Dhillon, S., & Poltermann, A. (2009). Using structural alignment to facilitate learning of spatial concepts in an informal setting. In B. Kokinov, K. Holyoak & D. Gentner (Eds.) Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Analogy. NBU Press, Sofia, Bulgaria.

Gentner, D., & Bowerman, M. (2009). Why some spatial semantic categories are harder to learn than others: The Typological Prevalence hypothesis. In J. Guo, E. Lieven, S. Ervin-Tripp, N. Budwig, S. Özçaliskan, & K. Nakamura (eds.). Crosslinguistic approaches to the psychology of language: Research in the tradition of Dan Isaac Slobin. (pp. 465-480). NY, New York: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Gentner, D., Loewenstein, J., Thompson, L., & Forbus, K. (2009) Reviving inert knowledge: Analogical abstraction supports relational retrieval of past events. Cognitive Science, 3, 1343-1382.

Gentner, D., Simms, N., & Flusberg, S. (2009). Relational language helps children reason analogically. In N.A. Taatgen & H. van Rijn (Eds.), Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society.

Ozcaliskan, S., Goldin-Meadow, S., Gentner, D. & Mylander, C. (2009). Does language about similarity play a role in fostering similarity comparison in children? Cognition, 112. 217-228.

Lovett, A., Gentner, D., Forbus, K., & Sagi, E. (2009). Using analogical mapping to simulate time-course phenomena in perceptual similarity. Cognitive Systems Research, 10. 216-228.

Gelman, S., Raman, L., & Gentner, D. (2009). Effects of language and similarity on comparison processing. Language Learning and Development, 5. 147-171.

2008

Gentner, D., & Asmuth, J. (2008). Can relationality be distinguished from abstractness in noun mutability? In B. C. Love, K. McRae, & V. M. Sloutsky (Eds.), Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 863-868). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.

Colhoun, J., Gentner, D., & Loewenstein, J. (2008). Learning abstract principles through principle-case comparison. In B. C. Love, K. McRae, & V. M. Sloutsky (Eds.), Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 1659-1664). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.

Jameson, J., & Gentner, D. (2008). Causal status and explanatory goodness in categorization. In B. C. Love, K. McRae, & V. M. Sloutsky (Eds.), Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 291-296). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.

Gentner, D., & Bowdle, B. (2008) Metaphor as structure-mapping. In R. Gibbs (Ed.) The Cambridge Handbook of Metaphor and Thought (pp. 109-128). New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.

Simms, N., & Gentner, D. (2008). Spatial language and landmark use: Can 3-, 4-, and 5-year-olds find the middle? In B. C. Love, K. McRae, & V. M. Sloutsky (Eds.), Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 191-196). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.

Gentner, D. & Christie, S. (2008). Relational language supports relational cognition in humans and apes: A response to Penn, Holyoak & Povinelli. Behaviorial and Brain Sciences, 31. 137-183.

Uttal, D. H., Gentner, G., Liu, L. L., & Lewis, A. R. (2008). Developmental changes in children's understanding of the similarity between photographs and their referents. Developmental Science.

2007

Mussweiler, T. & Gentner, D. (2007). On apples and oranges: Structural alignment in the selection of social comparison standards. Journal of Cognitive Science, 8. 1-38.

Christie, S. & Gentner, D. (2007). Relational similarity in identity relation: The role of language. In Vosniadou, S. & Kayser, D. (Eds.). Proceedings of the Second European Cognitive Science Conference.

Day, S. & Gentner, D. (2007). Nonintentional analogical inference in text comprehension. Memory and Cognition, 35, 39-49.

Gentner, D. (2007). Spatial cognition in apes and humans. TRENDS in Cognitive Science, 11. 192-194.

Gentner, D. & Christie, S. (2007). Learning new relations via structural alignment. In Vosniadou, S. & Kayser, D. (Eds.). Proceedings of the Second European Cognitive Science Conference.

Gentner, D., Loewenstein, J., & Hung, B. (2007). Comparison facilitates children's learning of names for parts. Journal of Cognition and Development, 8. 285-307.

Markman, A. B., Taylor, E. & Gentner, D. (2007). Auditory presentation leads to better analogical retrieval than written presentation. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 14. 1101-1106.

2006
Fausey, C., M., Gentner, D., Asmuth, J., & Yoshida, H. (2006) The verb mutability effect: Noun and verb semantics in English and Japanese. In R. Sun & N. Miyake (Eds.). Proceedings of the Twenty-eighth Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society.

Gentner, D. & Christie, S. (2006). Using numbers to structure space. In R. Sun & N. Miyake (Eds.). Proceedings of the Twenty-eighth Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society.

Gentner, D., & Kurtz, K. (2006). Relations, objects, and the composition of analogies. Cognitive Science, 30, 609-642.

Gentner, D. & Markman, A. B. (2006). Defining structural similarity. The Journal of Cognitive Science, 6, 1-20.

Gentner, D. & Namy, L. L. (2006). Analogical processes in language learning. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 15(6), 297-301.

Gentner, D., & Sagi, E. (2006). Does 'different' imply a difference? A comparison of two tasks. In R. Sun & N. Miyake (Eds.). Proceedings of the Twenty-eighth Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society.

Lovett, A., Gentner, D. & Forbus, K. (2006). Simulating time-course phenomena in perceptual similarity via incremental encoding. In R. Sun & N. Miyake (Eds.). Proceedings of the Twenty-Eighth Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society.

2005
Anggoro, F., Gentner, D., & Klibanoff, R. (2005). How to go from nest to home: Children's learning of relational categories. Proceedings of the Twenty-seventh Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society, 133-138.

Asmuth, J. & Gentner, D. (2005) Context sensitivity of relational nouns. Proceedings of the Twenty-seventh Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society, 163-168.

Bowdle, B., & Gentner, D. (2005). The career of metaphor. Psychological Review, 112(1), 193-216.

Gentner, D. (2005). The development of relational category knowledge. In L. Gershkoff-Stowe & D. H. Rakison, (Eds.), Building object categories in developmental time. (pp. 245-275). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Gentner, D., & Kurtz, K. (2005). Relational categories. In W. K. Ahn, R. L. Goldstone, B. C. Love, A. B. Markman & P. W. Wolff (Eds.), Categorization inside and outside the lab. (pp. 151-175). Washington, DC: APA.

Jameson, J. Gentner, D., Day, S., Christie, S. Colhoun, J. & Bartels, D. (2005) Clarifying the role of alignability in similarity comparisons. Proceedings of the Twenty-Seventh Annual meeting of the Cognitive Science Society, 1048-1053.

Loewenstein, J., & Gentner, D. (2005). Relational language and the development of relational mapping. Cognitive Psychology, 50, 315-353.

Markman, A. B., & Gentner, D. (2005). Nonintentional similarity processing. In T. Hassin, J,. Bargh and J. Uleman (Eds.), The new unconscious (pp. 107-137). New York: Oxford University Press.

Perrott, D. A., Gentner, D., & Bodenhausen, G V. (2005). Resistance is futile: The unwitting insertion of analogical inferences in memory. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 12. 696-702.

Yeh, D. & Gentner, D. (2005). Reasoning counterfactually in Chinese: Picking up the pieces. Proceedings of the Twenty-seventh Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society, 2410-2415.

2004
Anggoro, F., & Gentner, D. (2004). Cross-linguistic semantic differences influence recognition of pictures. Proceedings of the Twenty-sixth Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society.

Gentner, D., & Namy, L. L. (2004). The role of comparison in children's early word learning. In D. G. Hall & S. R. Waxman (Eds.), Weaving a lexicon (pp. 533-568). Cambridge: MIT Press.

Gentner, D., Loewenstein, J., & Thompson, L. (2004). Analogical encoding: Facilitating knowledge transfer and integration. Proceedings of the Twenty-sixth Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society.

2003
Anggoro, F., & Gentner, D. (2003). Sex and seniority: The effects of linguistic categories on conceptual judgments. Proceedings of the Twenty-fifth Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society.

Day, S., and Gentner, D. (2003). Analogical inference in automatic interpretation. Proceedings of the Twenty-fifth Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society.

Gentner, D. (2003a). Analogical reasoning, psychology of. In Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science (Vol 1, pp. 106-112). London: Nature Publishing Group.

Gentner, D. (2003b). Why we're so smart. In D. Gentner and S. Goldin-Meadow (Eds.), Language in mind: Advances in the study of language and thought (pp.195-235). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Gentner, D., & Goldin-Meadow, S. (Eds.). (2003). Language in mind: Advances in the study of language and thought. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Gentner, D., & Goldin-Meadow, S. (2003). Whither Whorf. In D. Gentner and S. Goldin-Meadow (Eds.), Language in mind: Advances in the study of language and thought (pp. 3-14). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Gentner, D., Loewenstein, J., Thompson, L. (2003). Learning and transfer: A general role for analogical encoding. Journal of Educational Psychology, 95(2), 393-408.

Jameson, J., and Gentner, D. (2003). Mundane comparisons can facilitate relational understanding. Proceedings of the Twenty-fifth Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society.

Loewenstein, J., Thompson, L. & and Gentner, D. (2003). Analogical learning in negotiation teams: Comparing cases promotes learning and transfer. Academy of Management Learning and Education, 2 (2), 119-127.

Yan, J., Forbus, K., and Gentner, D. (2003). A theory of rerepresentation in analogical matching. Proceedings of the Twenty-fifth Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society.

2002
Gentner, D. (2002a). Analogical reasoning, psychology of. Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. London: Nature Publishing Group.

Gentner, D. (2002b). Analogy in scientific discovery: The case of Johannes Kepler. In L. Magnani & N. J. Nersessian (Eds.), Model-based reasoning: Science, technology, values (pp.21-39). New York: Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publisher.

Gentner, D. (2002c). Cognitive science. Encyclopedia Americana. Danbury, CN: Grolier.

Gentner, D. (2002d). Mental models, psychology of. In N. J. Smelser & P. B. Bates (Eds.), International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences (pp. 9683-9687). Amsterdam: Elsevier Science.

Gentner, D., & Bowdle, B. (2002). Metaphor processing, psychology of. Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. London: Nature Publishing Group.

Gentner, D., Imai, M., & Boroditsky, L. (2002). As time goes by: Evidence for two systems in processing space > time metaphors. Language and Cognitive Processes, 17, 537-565.

Gentner, D., & Loewenstein, J. (2002a). Learning: analogical reasoning. Encyclopedia of Education, Second Edition. New York: Macmillian.

Gentner, D., & Loewenstein, J. (2002b). Relational language and relational thought. In J. Byrnes & E. Amsel (Eds.), Language, Literacy, and Cognitive Development (pp. 87-120). Mahwah, NJ: LEA.

Namy, L. L,. & Gentner, D. (2002). Making a silk purse out of two sow's ears: Young children's use of comparison in category learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 131, 5-15.

Zharikov, S., & Gentner, D. (2002). Why do metaphors seem deeper than similes? Proceedings of the Twenty-Fourth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, 976-981.

2001
Gentner, D. (2001). Exhuming similarity. Commentary on Tenenbaum, Joshua B. & Griffiths, Thomas L. Generalization, similarity, and Bayesian inference. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 24(4), 669.

Gentner, D. (2001). Spatial metaphors in temporal reasoning. In M. Gattis (Ed.), Spatial schemas in abstract thought (pp. 203-222). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Gentner, D., & Bowdle, B. F. (2001). Convention, form, and figurative language processing. Metaphor and Symbol, 16(3&4), 223-247.

Gentner, D., Bowdle, B., Wolff, P., & Boronat, C. (2001). Metaphor is like analogy. In D. Gentner, K. J. Holyoak, & B. N. Kokinov (Eds.), The analogical mind: Perspectives from cognitive science (pp. 199-253). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Gentner, D., & Gunn, V. (2001). Structural alignment facilitates the noticing of differences. Memory and Cognition, 29(4), 565-577.

Gentner, D., Holyoak, K. J., & Kokinov, B. (Eds.). (2001). The analogical mind: Perspectives from cognitive science. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Holyoak, K.J., Gentner, D., & Kokinov, B.N. (2001). Introduction: the place of analogy in cognition. In D. Gentner, K. J. Holyoak, & B. N. Kokinov (Eds.), The analogical mind: Perspectives from cognitive science (pp 1-19). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Kurtz, K. J., & Gentner, D. (2001). Kinds of kinds: Sources of category coherence. Proceedings of the Twenty-third Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, 522-527.

Kurtz, K. J., Miao, C., & Gentner, D. (2001). Learning by analogical bootstrapping. Journal of the Learning Sciences, 10(4), 417-446.

Loewenstein, J., & Gentner, D. (2001). Spatial mapping in preschoolers: Close comparisons facilitate far mappings. Journal of Cognition and Development, 2(2), 189-219.

Markman, A. B. & Gentner, D. (2001). Thinking. Annual Review of Psychology, 52, 223-247.

2000
Blok, S. & Gentner, D. (2000). Reasoning from shared structure. Proceedings of the Twenty-second Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, 621-626.

Gentner, D., & Wolff, P. (2000). Metaphor and knowledge change. In E. Dietrich & A. Markman (Eds.), Cognitive dynamics: Conceptual change in humans and machines (pp. 295-342). Mahwah, NJ: LEA.

Kuehne, S. E., Forbus, K. D., Gentner, D., & Quinn, B. (2000). SEQL - Category learning as progressive abstraction using structure mapping. Proceedings of the Twenty-second Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, 770-775.

Kuehne, S. E., Gentner, D. & Forbus, K. D. (2000). Modeling infant learning via symbolic structural alignment. Proceedings of the Twenty-second Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, 286-291.

Markman, A. B., & Gentner, D. (2000). Structure-mapping in the comparison process. American Journal of Psychology, 113(4), 501-538.

Thompson, L., Gentner, D., & Loewenstein, J. (2000). Avoiding missed opportunities in managerial life: Analogical training more powerful than individual case training. Organization Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 82(1), 60-75.

Wolff, P., & Gentner, D. (2000). Evidence for role-neutral initial processing of metaphors. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 26(2), 529-541.

1999
Bowdle, B., & Gentner, D. (1999). Metaphor comprehension: From comparison to categorization. Proceedings of the Twenty First Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, 90-95.

Gentner, D. (1999). Analogy. In R. A. Wilson & F. C. Keil (Eds.), The MIT encyclopedia of the cognitive sciences (pp. 17-20). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Gentner, D. & Brem, S. (1999). Is snow really like a shovel? Distinguishing similarity from thematic relatedness. Proceedings of the Twenty-first Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, 179-184.

Gentner, D., & Namy, L. (1999). Comparison in the development of categories. Cognitive Development, 14, 487-513.

Gillespie, J. J., Thompson, L., Loewenstein, J., & Gentner, D. (1999). Lessons from analogical reasoning in the teaching of negotiation. Negotiation Journal, 15(4), 363-371.

Kurtz, K. J., Gentner, D., & Gunn, V. (1999). Reasoning. In D. E. Rumelhart & B. M. Bly (Eds.), Cognitive science: Handbook of perception and cognition (2nd ed., pp. 145-200). San Diego: Academic Press.

Loewenstein, J., Thompson, L., & Gentner, D. (1999). Analogical encoding facilitates knowledge transfer in negotiation. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 6(4), 586-597.

1998
Forbus, K. D., Gentner, D., Markman, A. B., & Ferguson, R. W. (1998). Analogy just looks like high-level perception: Why a domain-general approach to analogical mapping is right. Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Artificial Intelligence, 10(2), 231-257.

Gentner, D. (1998). Analogy. In W. Bechtel & G. Graham (Eds.), A companion to cognitive science (pp. 107-113). Oxford: Blackwell.

Gentner, D., & Gunn, V. (1998). Structural alignment facilitates discovering differences. Proceedings of the Twentieth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, 1219.

Gentner, D., & Medina, J. (1998). Similarity and the development of rules. Cognition, 65, 263-297.

Gentner, D., & Rattermann, M. J. (1998). Deep thinking in children: The case for knowledge change in analogical development. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 21(6), 837-838.

Greeno, J. G., Clancey, W. J., Lewis, C., Seidenberg, M., Derry, S., Gernsbacher, M. A., Langley, P., Shafto, M., Gentner, D., Lesgold, A., & Seifert, C. M. (1998). Efforts to encourage multidisciplinarity in the cognitive science society. Cognitive Science, 22(1), 131-132.

Kurtz, K. J., & Gentner, D. (1998). Category learning and comparison in the evolution of similarity structure. Proceedings of the Twentieth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, 1236.

Loewenstein, J., & Gentner, D. (1998). Relational language facilitates analogy in children. Proceedings of the Twentieth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, 615-620.

Rattermann, M. J., & Gentner, D. (1998a). The effect of language on similarity: The use of relational labels improves young children's performance in a mapping task. In K. Holyoak, D. Gentner, & B. Kokinov (Eds.), Advances in analogy research: Integration of theory & data from the cognitive, computational, and neural sciences (pp. 274-282). Sophia: New Bulgarian University.

Rattermann, M. J., & Gentner, D. (1998b). More evidence for a relational shift in the development of analogy: Children's performance on a causal-mapping task. Cognitive Development, 13, 453-478.

Wu, M., & Gentner, D. (1998). Structure in category-based induction. Proceedings of the Twentieth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, 1154-1158.

1997
Bowdle, B., & Gentner, D. (1997). Informativity and asymmetry in comparisons. Cognitive Psychology, 34(3), 244-286.

Ferguson, R. W., Forbus, K. D., & Gentner, D. (1997). On the proper treatment of noun-noun metaphor: A critique of the Sapper model. Proceedings of the Nineteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society.

Forbus, K., & Gentner, D. (1997). Qualitative mental models: Simulations or memories? Proceedings of the Eleventh International Workshop on Qualitative Reasoning, 1-8.

Forbus, K. D., Gentner, D., Everett, J. O., & Wu, M. (1997). Towards a computational model of evaluating and using analogical inferences. Proceedings of the Nineteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, 229-234.

Gentner, D., Brem, S., Ferguson, R. W., Markman, A. B., Levidow, B. B., Wolff, P., & Forbus, K. D. (1997). Analogical reasoning and conceptual change: A case study of Johannes Kepler. The Journal of the Learning Sciences, 6(1), 3-40.

Gentner, D., Brem, S., Ferguson, R. W., Wolff, P., Markman, A. B., & Forbus, K. D. (1997). Analogy and creativity in the works of Johannes Kepler. In T. B. Ward, S. M. Smith, & J. Vaid (Eds.), Creative thought: An investigation of conceptual structures and processes (pp. 403-459). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Gentner, D., & Holyoak, K. J. (1997). Reasoning and learning by analogy: Introduction. American Psychologist, 52, 32-34.

Gentner, D., & Markman, A. B. (1997). Structure mapping in analogy and similarity. American Psychologist, 52, 45-56.

Gentner, D., & Medina, J. (1997). Comparison and the development of cognition and language. Cognitive Studies: Bulletin of the Japanese Cognitive Science Society, 4(1), 112-149.

Gentner, D., & Whitley, E. W. (1997). Mental models of population growth: A preliminary investigation. In M. Bazerman, D. M. Messick, A. E. Tenbrunsel, & K. Wade-Benzoni (Eds.), Environment, ethics, and behavior: The psychology of environmental valuation and degradation (pp. 209-233). San Francisco, CA: New Lexington Press.

Gentner, D., & Wolff, P. (1997). Alignment in the processing of metaphor. Journal of Memory and Language, 37, 331-355.

Markman, A. B., & Gentner, D. (1997). The effects of alignability on memory storage. Psychological Science, 8(5), 363-367.

1996
Ferguson, R. W., Aminoff, A., & Gentner, D. (1996). Modeling qualitative differences in symmetry judgments. Proceedings of the Eighteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, 000-000.

Gentner, D., & Markman, A. B. (1996). [Review of the book Mental leaps: Analogy in creative thought]. Pragmatics & Cognition, 4(2), 407-409.

Kotovsky, L., & Gentner, D. (1996). Comparison and categorization in the development of relational similarity. Child Development, 67, 2797-2822.

Markman, A. B., & Gentner, D. (1996). Commonalities and differences in similarity comparisons. Memory & Cognition, 24(2), 235-249.

1995
Forbus, K. D., Gentner, D., & Law, K. (1995). MAC/FAC: A model of similarity-based retrieval. Cognitive Science, 19, 141-205. (Abridged version to be reprinted in Cognitive Modeling, by T. Polk & C. M. Seifert, Eds., in press, Boston: MIT Press)

Gentner, D. (1995). Cognitive science. Academic American Encyclopedia (100th ed., pp. 97-99). Danbury, CT: Grolier.

Gentner, D., & Markman, A. B. (1995a). Analogy-based reasoning in connectionism. In M. Arbib (Ed.), The handbook of brain theory and neural networks (pp. 91-93). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Gentner, D., & Markman, A. B. (1995b). Similarity is like analogy: Structural alignment in comparison. In C. Cacciari (Ed.), Similarity in language, thought and perception (pp. 111-147). Brussels: BREPOLS.

Gentner, D., Rattermann, M. J., Markman, A. B., & Kotovsky, L. (1995). Two forces in the development of relational similarity. In T. J. Simon & G. S. Halford (Eds.), Developing cognitive competence: New approaches to process modeling (pp. 263-313). Hillsdale, NJ: LEA.

1994
Forbus, K. D., Ferguson, R. W., & Gentner, D. (1994). Incremental structure-mapping. Proceedings of the Sixteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, 313-318.

Gentner, D., & Bowdle, B. F. (1994). The coherence imbalance hypothesis: A functional approach to asymmetry in comparison. Proceedings of the Sixteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, 351-356.

Gentner, D., & Markman, A. B. (1994). Structural alignment in comparison: No difference without similarity. Psychological Science, 5(3), 152-158.

Law, K., Forbus, K. D., & Gentner, D. (1994). Simulating similarity-based retrieval: A comparison of ARCS and MAC/FAC. Proceedings of the Sixteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, 543-548.

1993
Gentner, D., & Jeziorski, M. (1993). The shift from metaphor to analogy in western science. In A. Ortony (Ed.), Metaphor and thought (2nd ed., pp. 447-480). England: Cambridge University Press.

Gentner, D., & Markman, A. B. (1993). Analogy--Watershed or Waterloo? Structural alignment and the development of connectionist models of cognition. In S. J. Hanson, J. D. Cowan, & C. L. Giles (Eds.), Advances in neural information processing systems, 5 (pp. 855-862). San Mateo, CA: Kaufmann.

Gentner, D., Rattermann, M. J., & Forbus, K. D. (1993). The roles of similarity in transfer: Separating retrievability from inferential soundness. Cognitive Psychology, 25, 524-575.

Imai, M., & Gentner, D. (1993). Linguistic relativity vs. universal ontology: Cross-linguistic studies of the object/substance distinction. Proceedings of the Chicago Linguistic Society.

Markman, A. B., & Gentner, D. (1993a). All differences are not created equal: A structural alignment view of similarity. Proceedings of the Fifteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, 682-686.

Markman, A. B., & Gentner, D. (1993b). Splitting the differences: A structural alignment view of similarity. Journal of Memory and Language, 32, 517-535.

Markman, A. B., & Gentner, D. (1993c). Structural alignment during similarity comparisons. Cognitive Psychology, 25, 431-467.

Medin, D. L., Goldstone, R. L., & Gentner, D. (1993). Respects for similarity. Psychological Review, 100(2), 254-278.

1992
Gentner, D. (1992). Commentary on Halford's theory of cognitive development. Human Development 35, 218-221.

Gentner, D., & Imai, M. (1992). Is the future always ahead? Evidence for system-mappings in understanding space-time metaphors. Proceedings of the Fourteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, 510-515.

Wolff, P., & Gentner, D. (1992). The time course of metaphor comprehension. Proceedings of the Fourteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, 504-509.

1991
Clement, C. A., & Gentner, D. (1991). Systematicity as a selection constraint in analogical mapping. Cognitive Science, 15, 89-132.

Gentner, D., & Forbus, K. D. (1991). MAC/FAC: A model of similarity-based access and mapping. Proceedings of the Thirteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, 504-509.

Goldstone, R. L., Medin, D. L., & Gentner, D. (1991). Relational similarity and the non-independence of features in similarity judgments. Cognitive Psychology, 23, 222-264.

Markman, A. B., & Gentner, D. (1991). Commonalities, differences and the alignment of conceptual frames during similarity judgments. Proceedings of the Thirteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, 287-292.

1990
Gentner, D. (1990). Analogies. In M. W. Eysenck (Ed.), The dictionary of cognitive psychology. Oxford: Blackwell.

Markman, A. B., & Gentner, D. (1990a). Analogical mapping during similarity judgments. Proceedings of the Twelfth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, 38-44.

Markman, A. B., & Gentner, D. (1990b). Robot arms go with cars: Evidence for analogical mapping in similarity. In J. Dinsmore & T. Koschmann (Eds.), Proceedings of the Second Midwest Artificial Intelligence and Cognitive Science Society Conference (pp. 49-53). Carbondale, IL.

Medin, D. L., Goldstone, R. L., & Gentner, D. (1990). Similarity involving attributes and relations: Judgments of similarity and difference are not inverses. Psychological Science, 1, 64-69.

Rattermann, M. J., Gentner, D., & DeLoache, J. (1990). The effects of familiar labels on young children's performance in an analogical mapping task. Proceedings of the Twelfth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, 22-29. Hillsdale, NJ: LEA.

1989
Falkenhainer, B., Forbus, K. D., & Gentner, D. (1989). The structure-mapping engine: Algorithm and examples. Artificial Intelligence, 41, 1-63.

Forbus, K. D., & Gentner, D. (1989). Structural evaluation of analogies: What counts? Proceedings of the Eleventh Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, 341-348.

Gentner, D. (1989). The mechanisms of analogical learning. In S. Vosniadou & A. Ortony (Eds.), Similarity and analogical reasoning (pp. 199-241). London: Cambridge University Press. (Reprinted in Knowledge acquisition and learning, 1993, 673-694).

Gentner, D., & Jeziorski, M. (1989). Historical shifts in the use of analogy in science. In B. Gholson, W. R. Shadish, Jr., R. A. Neimeyer, & A. C. Houts (Eds.), Psychology of science: Contributions to metascience (pp. 296-325). New York: Cambridge University Press.

Goldstone, R. L., Gentner, D., & Medin, D. L. (1989). Relations relating relations. Proceedings of the Eleventh Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, 131-138.

1988
Clement, C. A., & Gentner, D. (1988). Systematicity as a selection constraint in analogical mapping. Proceedings of the Tenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, 412-418.

Gentner, D. (1988). Cognitive and linguistic determinism: object reference and relational reference. Paper presented at the Boston Child Language Conference, Boston, MA, November.

Gentner, D. (1988a). Analogical inference and analogical access. In A. Prieditis (Ed.), Analogica (pp. 63-88). Los Altos, CA: Kaufmann.

Gentner, D. (1988b). Metaphor as structure mapping: The relational shift. Child Development, 59, 47-59.

Gentner, D., & Clement, C. (1988). Evidence for relational selectivity in the interpretation of analogy and metaphor. In G. H. Bower (Ed.), The psychology of learning and motivation: Advances in research and theory (Vol. 22, pp. 307-358). New York: Academic Press.

Gentner, D., Falkenhainer, B., & Skorstad, J. (1988). Viewing metaphor as analogy. In D. H. Helman (Ed.), Analogical reasoning: Perspectives of artificial intelligence, cognitive science and philosophy (pp. 171-177). Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer.

Schumacher, R. M., & Gentner, D. (1988). Transfer of training as analogical mapping. IEEE Transactions of Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, 18, 592-600.

Skorstad, J., Gentner, D., & Medin, D. (1988). Abstraction processes during concept learning: A structural view. Proceedings of the Tenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, 419-425.

1987
Collins, A., & Gentner, D. (1987). How people construct mental models. In D. Holland & N. Quinn (Eds.), Cultural models in language and thought (pp. 243-265). England: Cambridge University Press.

Gentner, D., Falkenhainer, B., & Skorstad, J. (1987). Metaphor: The good, the bad and the ugly. Proceedings of the Third Conference on Theoretical Issues in Natural Language Processing, 155-159.

Rattermann, M. J., & Gentner, D. (1987). Analogy and similarity: Determinants of accessibility and inferential soundness. Proceedings of the Ninth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, 23-35.

Skorstad, J., Falkenhainer, B., & Gentner, D. (1987). Analogical processing: A simulation and empirical corroboration. Proceedings of the Meeting of the American Association for Artificial Intelligence, 322-326.

1986
Falkenhainer, B., Forbus, K. D., & Gentner, D. (1986). The structure-mapping engine. Proceedings of the Meeting of the American Association for Artificial Intelligence, 272-277.

Forbus, K. D., & Gentner, D. (1986a). Causal reasoning about quantities. Proceedings of the Eighth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, 196-207.

Forbus, K. D., & Gentner, D. (1986b). Learning physical domains: Toward a theoretical framework. In R. S. Michalski, J. G. Carbonell, & T. M. Mitchell (Eds.), Machine learning: An artificial intelligence approach (Vol. 2, pp. 311-348). Los Altos, CA: Kaufmann.

Gentner, D., & Schumacher, R. M. (1986). Use of structure mapping theory for complex systems. Proceedings of the 1986 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, 252-258.

Gentner, D., & Toupin, C. (1986). Systematicity and surface similarity in the development of analogy. Cognitive Science, 10, 277-300.

1985
Gentner, D., & Grudin, J. (1985). The evolution of mental metaphors in psychology: A 90-year retrospective. American Psychologist, 40, 181-192.

Gentner, D., & Landers, R. (1985). Analogical reminding: A good match is hard to find. Proceedings of the International Conference on Cybernetics and Society (pp. 607-613). New York, NY: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.

Gentner, D., & Toupin, C. (1985). Cross-mapped analogies: Pitting systematicity against spurious similarity. Proceedings of the Seventh Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, 277-282.

1984
Tenney, Y. J., & Gentner, D. (1984). What makes analogies accessible: Experiments in the water-flow analogy for electricity. Proceedings of the International Workshop on Research Concerning Students' Knowledge of Electricity, Ludwigsburg, Germany.

1983
Collins, A., & Gentner, D. (1983). Multiple models of evaporation processes. Paper presented at the Fifth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, Rochester, NY.

Gentner, D. (1983). Structure-mapping: A theoretical framework for analogy. Cognitive Science, 7, 155-170. (Reprinted in A. Collins & E. E. Smith (Eds.), Readings in cognitive science: A perspective from psychology and artificial intelligence. Palo Alto, CA: Kaufmann).

Gentner, D., & Gentner, D. R. (1983). Flowing waters or teeming crowds: Mental models of electricity. In D. Gentner & A. L. Stevens (Eds.), Mental models (pp. 99-129). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. (Reprinted in M. J. Brosnan (Ed.), Cognitive functions: Classic readings in representation and reasoning. Eltham, London: Greenwich University Press).

Gentner, D., & Grudin, J. (1983). Ninety years of mental metaphors. Paper presented at the Fifth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, Rochester, NY.

Gentner, D., & Stevens, A. L. (Eds.). (1983). Mental models. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

1982
Gentner, D. (1982a). Are scientific analogies metaphors? In D. S. Miall (Ed.), Metaphor: Problems and perspectives (pp. 106-132). Brighton, England: Harvester Press Ltd.

1981
Gentner, D. (1981a). Generative analogies as mental models. Proceedings of the Third Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. 97-100.

Gentner, D., & Collins, A. (1981). Studies of inference from lack of knowledge. Memory & Cognition 9, 434-443.

1977
Gentner, D. (1977a). Children's performance on a spatial analogies task. Child Development, 48, 1034-1039.

Gentner, D. (1977b). If a tree had a knee, where would it be? Children's performance on simple spatial metaphors. Papers and Reports on Child Language Development, 13, 157-164.

 

 

 

 

Word Meaning

2007
Feist, M. I., & Gentner, D. (2007). Spatial language influences memory for spatial scenes. Memory and Cognition, 35. 283-296.

2006
Cifuentes FĂ©rez, P., & Gentner, D. (2006) Naming motion events in Spanish and English. Cognitive Linguistics, 17. 443-452

Gentner, D. (2006). Why verbs are hard to learn. In K. Hirsh-Pasek, & R. Golinkoff, (Eds.) Action meets word: How children learn verbs (pp.544 564). Oxford University Press.

2003
Feist, M. I., & Gentner, D. (2003). Factors involved in the use of in and on. Proceedings of the Twenty-fifth Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society, 390-395.

2001
Feist, M. I., & Gentner, D. (2001). An influence of spatial language on recognition memory for spatial scenes. Proceedings of the Twenty-third Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, 279-284.

Gentner, D., & Boroditsky, L. (2001). Individuation, relativity and early word learning. In M. Bowerman & S. Levinson (Eds.), Language acquisition and conceptual development (pp. 215-256). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

1997
Imai, M., & Gentner, D. (1997). A crosslinguistic study of early word meaning: Universal ontology and linguistic influence. Cognition, 62, 169-200.

1995
Gentner, D., & Imai, M. (1995). A further examination of the shape bias in early word learning. Proceedings of the Twenty-sixth Annual Child Language Research Forum, 167-176.

1994
Imai, M., Gentner, D., & Uchida, N. (1994). Children's theories of word meaning: The role of shape similarity in early acquisition. Cognitive Development, 9, 45-75.

1991
Gentner, D., & Rattermann, M. J. (1991). Language and the career of similarity. In S. A. Gelman & J. P. Byrnes (Eds.), Perspectives on thought and language: Interrelations in development (pp. 225-277). London: Cambridge University Press.

Wisniewski, E. J., & Gentner, D. (1991). On the combinatorial semantics of noun pairs: Minor and major adjustments to meaning. In G. B. Simpson (Ed.), Understanding word and sentence (pp. 241-284). Amsterdam: Elsevier.

1990
Nagy, W., & Gentner, D. (1990). Semantic constraints on lexical categories. Language and Cognitive Processes, 5, 169-201.

1988
Gentner, D., & France, I. M. (1988). The verb mutability effect: Studies of the combinatorial semantics of nouns and verbs. In S. L. Small, G. W. Cottrell, & M. K. Tanenhaus (Eds.), Lexical ambiguity resolution: Perspectives from psycholinguistics, neuropsychology, and artificial intelligence (pp. 343-382). San Mateo, CA: Kaufmann.

1982
Gentner, D. (1982b). Why nouns are learned before verbs: Linguistic relativity versus natural partitioning. In S. A. Kuczaj (Ed.), Language development: Vol. 2. Language, thought and culture (pp. 301-334). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

1981
Gentner, D. (1981b). Integrating verb meanings into context. Discourse Processes, 4, 349-375.

Gentner, D. (1981c). Some interesting differences between verbs and nouns. Cognition and Brain Theory, 4, 161-178.

Gentner, D. (1981d). Verb semantic structures in memory for sentences: Evidence for componential representation. Cognitive Psychology, 13, 56-83.

1979
Gentner, D., & Loftus, E. F. (1979). Integration of verbal and visual information as evidenced by distortions in picture memory. American Journal of Psychology, 92, 363-375.

1978
Gentner, D. (1978a). On relational meaning: The acquisition of verb meaning. Child Development, 49, 988-998.

Gentner, D. (1978b). A study of early word meaning using artificial objects: What looks like a jiggy but acts like a zimbo? Papers and Reports on Child Language Development, 15, 1-6, Stanford University. (Reprinted in J. Gardner (Ed.), Readings in developmental psychology, (2nd ed., pp. 137-142). Boston: Little Brown).

Gentner, D. (1978c). Testing the psychological reality of a representational model. Proceedings of Theoretical Issues in Natural Language Processing (Vol. 2, pp. 1-7). University of Illinois: Association for Computing Machinery.

1975
Gentner, D. (1975). Evidence for the psychological reality of semantic components: The verbs of possession. In D. A. Norman, D. E. Rumelhart, & the LNR Research Group (Eds.), Explorations in cognition (pp. 211-246). San Francisco: Freeman.

Gentner, D. (1975). Validation of a related-component model of verb meaning. Papers and Reports on Child Language Development, 10, 69-79.

Other

1982
Bruce, B. C., Collins, A., Rubin, A., & Gentner, D. (1982). Three perspectives on writing. Educational Psychologist, 17, 131-145.

1980
Collins, A., & Gentner, D. (1980). A framework for a cognitive theory of writing. In L. W. Gregg & E. Steinberg (Eds.), Cognitive processes in writing: An interdisciplinary approach (pp. 51-72). Hillsdale, NJ: LEA.

 


 

Last Update: October 3, 2012

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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